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Domains

If you desire to run a site, this implies that you need a domain. A domain name is a human-memorable name that you type in your browser's URL bar when you want to see a particular site.

Why Do You Require a Domain?

This is a question I broach due to the fact that last week my boss proposed the idea of making a web site for our brand new project. That itself is not an issue, the issue is that he wants a site, but has not reached a decision yet about what it should look like, what it should contain, and so on. All that he mentioned to me was the name of the web site - its domain name. Thus, we now have a web address for a yet-to-be-made site and nothing aside from that.

The Domain

Each website is located on a physical server. That physical server has its own personal physical address, popular also as an Internet Protocol address. Accessing a site by writing the IP address of the physical machine in your web browser, though, is not the best and most appropriate thing to do, so that was how and why domains appeared. So, a domain name pertains to an IP on the World Wide Web. After it has been registered, that is.

Registering a Domain Name

To register a domain name, you first need to settle on a domain registrar. Lonex Hosting offers an optimal solution for my current and future projects - they have a Domain Manager plan, which can be easily upgraded to a hosting plan later on - when my boss finally determines what objective the site will serve.

So, to register a domain, you have to select a name for your web site. Then, you have to select a top-level domain name - this is what follows the dot. For example, in 'live.com', '.com' is the top-level domain name (TLD). Apparently, '.com' signifies 'company', '.net' signifies 'network', '.org' signifies 'organization', and so on.

Once you've picked your domain and your future domain registrar, you have to examine whether the domain name you wish to register is available for registration, because someone else might have snatched it already, however embarrassing it might be. Each domain registration company, including Lonex.com, has a search tool at their signup page, which verifies the availability of a given domain name. To go on with the registration of a domain name, you have to specify some registrant information - the name, the physical address, the email and the phone number of the domain name's owner.

You've Registered a Domain Name... Now What?

I registered .com, .net, .biz and .org domains for our project, according to the wish of my still-hesitant-about-the-purpose-of-the-future-website boss. I tested the domain name administration tool Lonex.com is offering and found it very useful - everything is coherently arranged and, from what I saw in the web hosting Control Panel demo at their web site, after we upgrade to a low-cost hosting package, it will remain the same, just with many more features. This, thank God, will save me quite a lot of inconvenience from having to manage my domain and web site hosting account separately. So, while waiting for the boss to determine at least what the site should comprise, I was happy to discover that the domain name management interface contains DNS management and domain name renewal options, and - an extremely handy functionality (!) - a parked domain name template, which I used in order to create a "Coming Soon" page for our domain names.

Country-Code TLDs

I was very pleased to discover that Lonex.com is offering lots of country-code Top-Level Domains, because the project the site is intended for is international. Country-specific Top-Level Domains are delegated to domestic registries, which allow domain registration providers to register domains, typically at rates that are cheaper than those offered to the end users. There are various country-code domain names: .co.uk for the UK, .es for Spain, .de for Germany, .us for the United States of America, .ca for Canada, .com.au for Australia, etc. This, I trust, will make my boss happy because we will be able to create a local version of the site for each country where the project will be presented.